|ABBESS, or LADY ABBESS, A bawd, the mistress of a brothel.
ABEL-WACKETS. Blows given on the palm of the hand with a twisted
handkerchief, instead of a ferula; a jocular punishment among seamen, who
sometimes play at cards for wackets, the loser suffering as many strokes
as he has lost games.
ABIGAIL. A lady’s waiting-maid.
ABRAM COVE. A word among thieves, signifying a naked or poor man; also a
lusty, strong rogue.
ABRAM MEN. Pretended mad men.
TO SHAM ABRAM. To pretend sickness.
ACADEMY, or PUSHING SCHOOL. A brothel. The Floating Academy; the lighters
on board of which those persons are confined, who by a late regulation are
condemned to hard labour, instead of transportation.—Campbell’s Academy;
the same, from a gentleman of that name, who had the contract for
victualling the hulks or lighters.
ACE OF SPADES. A widow.
ACCOUNTS. To cast up one’s accounts; to vomit.
ACORN. You will ride a horse foaled by an acorn, i.e. the gallows, called
also the Wooden and Three-legged Mare. You will be hanged.—See
ACT OF PARLIAMENT. A military term for small beer, five pints of which, by
an act of parliament, a landlord was formerly obliged to give to each
ACTEON. A cuckold, from the horns planted on the head of Acteon by Diana.
ACTIVE CITIZEN. A louse.
ADAM’S ALE. Water.
ADAM TILER. A pickpocket’s associate, who receives the stolen goods, and
runs off with them. .
ADDLE PATE. An inconsiderate foolish fellow.
ADDLE PLOT. A spoil-sport, a mar-all.
ADMIRAL OF THE BLUE, who carries his flag on the main-mast. A landlord or
publican wearing a blue apron, as was formerly the custom among gentlemen
of that vocation.
ADMIRAL OF THE NARROW SEAS. One who from drunkenness vomits into the lap
of the person sitting opposite to him.
ADRIFT. Loose, turned adrift, discharged. .
AEGROTAT, A certificate from the apothecary that you are INDISPOSED, (i.
e.) to go to chapel. He sports an Aegrotat, he is sick, and unable to
attend Chapel. or Hall. It does not follow, however, but that he can STRUM
A PIECE, or sport a pair of oars.
AFFIDAVIT MEN. Knights of the post, or false witnesses, said to attend
Westminster Hall, and other courts of justice, ready to swear any thing
AFTER-CLAP. A demand after the first given in has been discharged; a
charge for pretended omissions; in short, any thing disagreeable happening
after all consequences of the cause have been thought at an end.
AGAINST THE GRAIN. Unwilling. It went much against the grain with him,
i.e. it was much against his inclination, or against his pluck.
AGOG, ALL-A-GOG. Anxious, eager, impatient: from the Italian AGOGARE, to
AGROUND. Stuck fast, stopped, at a loss, ruined; like a boat or vessel
AIR AND EXERCISE. He has had air and exercise, i.e. he has been whipped at
the cart’s tail; or, as it is generally, though more vulgarly, expressed,
at the cart’s a-se.
ALDERMAN. A roasted turkey garnished with sausages;
the latter are supposed to represent the gold chain worn
by those magistrates.
ALDGATE. A draught on the pump at Aldgate; a bad bill of exchange, drawn
on persons who have no effects of the drawer.
ALE DRAPER. An alehouse keeper.
ALE POST. A may-pole.
ALL-A-MORT. Struck dumb, confounded. What, sweet one, all-a-mort?
ALL HOLIDAY. It is all holiday at Peckham, or it is all holiday with him;
a saying signifying that it is all over with the business or person spoken
of or alluded to.
ALL HOLLOW. He was beat all hollow, i.e. he had no chance of conquering:
it was all hollow, or a hollow thing, it was a decided thing from the
beginning. See HOLLOW.
ALL NATIONS. A composition of all the different spirits sold in a
dram-shop, collected in a vessel into which the drainings of the bottles
and quartern pots are emptied.
ALLS. The five alls is a country sign, representing five human figures,
each having a motto under him. The first is a king in his regalia; his
motto, I govern all: the second, a bishop in pontificals; motto, I pray
for all: third, a lawyer in his gown; motto, I plead for all: fourth: a
soldier in his regimentals, fully accoutred; motto, I fight for all:
fifth, a poor countryman with his scythe and rake; motto, I pay for all.
ALTAMEL. A verbal or lump account, without particulars, such as is
commonly produced at bawdy-houses, spunging-houses, &c. Vide DUTCH
ALTITUDES. The man is in his altitudes, i.e. he is drunk.
AMBASSADOR. A trick to duck some ignorant fellow or landsman, frequently
played on board ships in the warm latitudes. It is thus managed: A large
tub is filled with water, and two stools placed on each side of it. Over
the whole is thrown a tarpaulin, or old sail: this is kept tight by two
persons, who are to represent the king and queen of a foreign country, and
are seated on the stools. The person intended to be ducked plays the
Ambassador, and after repeating a ridiculous speech dictated to him, is
led in great form up to the throne, and seated between the king and queen,
who rising suddenly as soon as he is seated, he falls backwards into the
tub of water.
AMBASSADOR OF MOROCCO. A Shoemaker.
AMBIDEXTER. A lawyer who takes fees from both plaintiff and defendant, or
that goes snacks with both parties in gaming.
AMEN CURLER. A parish clerk.
AMEN. He said Yes and Amen to every thing; he agreed to every thing.
AMINADAB. A jeering name for a Quaker.
AMES ACE. Within ames ace; nearly, very near.
TO AMUSE. To fling dust or snuff in the eyes of the person intended to be
robbed; also to invent some plausible tale, to delude shop-keepers and
others, thereby to put them off their guard. .
AMUSERS. Rogues who carried snuff or dust in their pockets, which they
threw into the eyes of any person they intended to rob; and running away,
their accomplices (pretending to assist and pity the half-blinded person)
took that opportunity of plundering him.
ANABAPTIST. A pickpocket caught in the fact, and punished with the
discipline of the pump or horse-pond.
ANCHOR. Bring your a-se to an anchor, i.e. sit down. To let go an anchor
to the windward of the law; to keep within the letter of the law. SEA WIT.
ANGLERS. Pilferers, or petty thieves, who, with a stick having a hook at
the end, steal goods out of shop-windows, grates, &c.; also those who draw
in or entice unwary persons to prick at the belt, or such like devices.
ANGLING FOR FARTHINGS. Begging out of a prison window with a cap, or box,
let down at the end of a long string.
ANKLE. A girl who is got with child, is said to have sprained her ankle.
ANODYNE NECKLACE. A halter.
ANTHONY or TANTONY PIG. The favourite or smallest pig in the litter.—To
follow like a tantony pig, i.e. St. Anthony’s pig; to follow close at
one’s heels. St. Anthony the hermit was a swineherd, and is always
represented with a swine’s bell and a pig. Some derive this saying from a
privilege enjoyed by the friars of certain convents in England and France
(sons of St. Anthony), whose swine were permitted to feed in the streets.
These swine would follow any one having greens or other provisions, till
they obtained some of them; and it was in those days considered an act of
charity and religion to feed them.
TO KNOCK ANTHONY. Said of an in-kneed person, or one whose knees knock
together; to cuff Jonas. See JONAS.
APE LEADER. An old maid; their punishment after death, for neglecting
increase and multiply, will be, it is said, leading apes in hell.
APOSTLES. To manoeuvre the apostles, i.e. rob Peter to pay Paul; that is,
to borrow money of one man to pay another.
APOSTLES. (CAMBRIDGE.) Men who are plucked, refused their degree.
APOTHECARY. To talk like an apothecary; to use hard or gallipot words:
from the assumed gravity and affectation of knowledge generally put on by
the gentlemen of this profession, who are commonly as superficial in their
learning as they are pedantic in their language.
APOTHECARY’S BILL. A long bill.
APOTHECARY’S, or LAW LATIN. Barbarous Latin, vulgarly called Dog Latin, in
Ireland Bog Latin.
APPLE CART. Down with his apple-cart; knock or throw him down.
APPLE DUMPLIN SHOP. A woman’s bosom.
APPLE-PYE BED. A bed made apple-pye fashion, like what is called a
turnover apple-pye, where the sheets are so doubled as to prevent any one
from getting at his length between them: a common trick played by
frolicsome country lasses on their sweethearts, male relations, or
APRIL FOOL. Any one imposed on, or sent on a bootless errand, on the first
of April; which day it is the custom among the lower people, children, and
servants, by dropping empty papers carefully doubled up, sending persons
on absurd messages, and such like contrivances, to impose on every one
they can, and then to salute them with the title of April Fool. This is
also practised in Scotland under the title of Hunting the Gowke.
APRON STRING HOLD. An estate held by a man during his wife’s life.
AQUA PUMPAGINIS. Pump water. APOTHECARIES LATIN.
ARBOR VITAE. A man’s penis.
ARCH DUKE. A comical or eccentric fellow.
ARCH ROGUE, DIMBER DAMBER UPRIGHT MAN. The chief of a gang of thieves or
ARCH DELL, or ARCH DOXY, signifies the same in rank among the female ers
ARD. Hot. .
ARMOUR. In his armour, pot valiant: to fight in armour; to make use of
Mrs. Philips’s ware.
ARK. A boat or wherry. Let us take an ark and winns, let us take a sculler.
ARK RUFFIANS. Rogues who, in conjunction with watermen, robbed, and
sometimes murdered, on the water, by picking a quarrel with the passengers
in a boat, boarding it, plundering, stripping, and throwing them
overboard, &c. A species of badger. .
ARRAH NOW. An unmeaning expletive, frequently used by the vulgar Irish.
ARS MUSICA. A bum fiddlle.
ARSE. To hang an arse; to hang back, to be afraid to advance. He would
lend his a-e and sh-te through his ribs; a saying of any one who lends his
money inconsiderately. He would lose his a-e if it was loose; said of a
careless person. A-e about; turn round.
ARSY YARSEY. To fall arsy varsey, i.e. head over heels.
ARTHUR, KING ARTHUR, A game used at sea, when near the line, or in a hot
latitude. It is performed thus: A man who is to represent king Arthur,
ridiculously dressed, having a large wig made out of oakum, or some old
swabs, is seated on the side, or over a large vessel of water. Every
person in his turn is to be ceremoniously introduced to him, and to pour a
bucket of water over him, crying, hail, king Arthur! if during this
ceremony the person introduced laughs or smiles (to which his majesty
endeavours to excite him, by all sorts of ridiculous gesticulations), he
changes place with, and then becomes, king Arthur, till relieved by some
brother tar, who has as little command over his muscles as himself.
ARTICLES. Breeches; coat, waistcoat, and articles.
ARTICLE. A wench. A prime article. A handsome girl. She’s a prime article
(WHIP SLANG), she’s a devilish good piece, a hell of a GOER.
ASK, or AX MY A-E. A common reply to any question; still deemed wit at
sea, and formerly at court, under the denomination of selling bargains.
ASSIG. An assignation.
ATHANASIAN WENCH, or QUICUNQUE VULT. A forward girl, ready to oblige every
man that shall ask her.
AUNT. Mine aunt; a bawd or procuress: a title of eminence for the senior
dells, who serve for instructresses, midwives, &c. for the dells.
AVOIR DU POIS LAY. Stealing brass weights off the counters of shops. .
AUTEM. A church.
AUTEM BAWLER. A parson.
AUTEM CACKLERS, AUTEM PRICKEARS. Dissenters of every denomination.
AUTEM CACKLETUB. A conventicle or meeting-house for dissenters.
AUTEM DIPPERS. Anabaptists. .
AUTEM DIVERS. Pickpockets who practice in churches; also churchwardens and
overseers of the poor.
AUTEM GOGLERS. Pretended French prophets. .
AUTEM MORT. A married woman; also a female beggar with several children
hired or borrowed to excite charity.
AUTEM QUAVERS. Quakers.
AUTEM QUAVER TUB. A Quakers’ meeting-house.
AWAKE. Acquainted with, knowing the business. Stow the books, the culls
are awake; hide the cards, the fellows know what we intended to do.
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